The Rakai Health Sciences Program (RHSP) was established in 1987 as a collaboration between researchers at Makerere, Columbia and John Hopkins Universities, the Division of Intramural Research at the National Institutes of Allergy & Infectious diseases and the International Centre for Excellence Research (ICER). This was as a result of the first identification of clinical AIDS in Rakai district Uganda in 1982 by Drs. Sewankambo and Serwadda.
The initiation of the Program, then known as Rakai Project led to a series of clinical studies characterizing the disease and its epidemiology; and also brought the partnership with other colleagues including Professor Maria Wawer and Prof Ronald Gray.
The program conducts health research and services delivery activities in Rakai and neighboring districts. The research arm focuses on population based research on HIV, infectious diseases and reproductive health and encompasses observational studies, randomized clinical trials, operational research and basic science research. A wide range of services such as intensive community education, HIV Counseling and Testing, HIV care and treatment, and Medical Male Circumcision are provided. RHSP is a fully foreign donor aided program. These activities are of national and international interest in the HIV prevention, HIV care and Treatment.
All funding is based on research approved proposals among others